Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are a very common medical problem experienced by many men and women. Hemorrhoids occur when veins in the anal area swell. When the swelling is inside the rectum they are internal hemorrhoids. Outside the rectum, the swollen veins are known as external hemorrhoids. Some of the usual causes of the swelling veins are bowel irregularity as well as straining throughout bowel movements, pregnancy and anything else that contributes to pressure on the blood vessels in the anal area.
Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids Tend to be Itching or Pain in the Anal Area
Straining to have a bowel movement can cause the hemorrhoids to bleed. Internal hemorrhoids rarely cause pain or perhaps itchiness but they might lose blood. Anal bleeding may be a symptom of something more serious so don't assume that hemorrhoids are the cause.
Some Individuals Choose to Discuss the Issue With Their Family Physician First
Others prefer to go directly to a proctologist. A proctologist is a physician who specializes in treating disorders of the anus, rectum and colon. There are numerous online directories and resources for locating a proctologist in your area or you may wish to start with your family doctor and find out if he or she would recommend a visit to a proctologist.
Your family doctor or proctologist will diagnose hemorrhoids with an exam that may involve inserting his / her gloved finger into the patient's rectum or using a lighted opportunity to get a view of the area. As soon as the diagnosis of hemorrhoids is made, a number of treatments are available.
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Non-surgical procedures to treat hemorrhoids include shrinking the hemorrhoid by putting a small rubber band around it or injecting it with a solution. Other methods cut off the blood supply to the hemorrhoid with infrared light or a laser. These methods are intended to shrink the hemorrhoid. If none of these methods work, surgery may be necessary to remove the hemorrhoids.
One of the newer non-surgical procedures uses a very low direct current that is gently put on the hemorrhoid, targeting the blood vessel leading to the particular hemorrhoid. When blood flow to the hemorrhoid is interrupted, the hemorrhoid starts to shrink. It will continue to shrink for 7-10 days after treatment. The procedure only takes about 10 mins to perform and also requires no anesthesia or perhaps special preparations. Patients are able to go back to their normal activities immediately after treatment.
Ethan Smith lives in North Carolina and produces articles on many health topics. If you are considering a visit to a proctologist or need to learn more about hemorrhoid treatment, visit http://hdtreatmentcenter.com.